It is considered normal that children suffer colds common between 5 and 10 times a year. For this reason, parents are accustomed so much to this disease that can not realize that it is something more serious. Also, in some occasions, the condition has nothing to do with a normal flu. In this article you will find all the information you need to know how to recognize a dangerous illness in a child, what tos and what symptoms to pay attention to, and what can lead to a condition ignored.
Great.guru recommends that you contact a qualified physician to detect any worrisome symptoms. It is better to prevent that damage the health of children.
At first, pertussis is difficult to distinguish from a cold the typical. You can begin lightly, and with something of fever. This disease is particularly dangerous for babies. It is possible that they do not have a cough at all, or if it is very mild, but, at the same time, to display a symptom known as ” apnea: respiratory arrest during sleep.
In the first 2 weeks, the symptoms of a whooping cough are not very pronounced.
- Mild cough and occasional.
- Fever, chills, and other typical symptoms of the febrile state.
- Nasal secretion.
- Apnea in infants.
To spend between 1 and 2 weeks (in newborns, the disease can develop much more rapidly), the cough becomes like a barking, paroxysmal. Sometimes, until vomiting occurs. In the pauses between this hack debilitating (which is usually disturbed by the night), the small may feel quite well. The attacks can also occur after recovery, for more than 10 weeks. Not without reason, in China, whooping cough is called “the disease of 100 days”.
This condition is very contagious. It is spread from person to person by coughing or sneezing, as well as by contact with surfaces on which fell the bacteria. Adolescents and children who have been vaccinated overcome this disease in a way more lightweight.
Symptom that distinguishes it: a cough that is paroxysmal, like a bark, which prevents the child inspire.
Why it’s dangerous: breathing is affected. Babies are at risk of developing pneumonia or having a seizure. The treatment must be carried out only in the hospital.
Angina (tonsillitis acute)
Tonsils are the two lymph nodes located in the throat, in charge of preventing infections. However, it can also cause a disease: this inflammation is called tonsillitis (also known a daily basis as angina). Can be either viral or bacterial, and the last of these forms is treated only with antibiotics.
Tonsillitis is manifested by:
- A bad sore throat.
- Inflamed tonsils.
- Pain when you swallow.
- Fever, chills.
- Headache, in the ears and on the belly.
- Unpleasant breath.
Sometimes, you can increase the sensitivity of the jaw or the neck.
Symptoms that distinguish it: tonsils are reddened, swollen, with yellowish spots or white.
Why it’s dangerous: a tonsillitis is not treated can lead to the spread of the infection to other organs. Swollen tonsils can also cause breathing problems.
Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection caused by the streptococcus, which could cause eruption of red in the body. The disease is considered mild and usually appears in children between the ages of 5 and 15 years.
The infection can enter the body through the respiratory tract (via droplets in the air) and in contact with the things of the house.
Scarlet fever is characterized by the following symptoms:
- Body temperature of 38 °C or more.
- Sore throat.
- The skin in the area of the armpits, elbows and groin may become bright red.
- Whitish coating on the tongue.
- The cheeks can be red, but around the mouth is maintained, a triangle of pale.
Also you may suffer from headache and body, and to present as a discomfort in the abdomen. Not exclude the nausea and vomiting. As the disease develops, the tongue appears a roughness, becoming painful to swallow. The rashes disappear a week later and begins the peeling of the skin of the fingers and the groin.
Sometimes, scarlet fever can be confused with an allergic rash in the form of hives. But if you notice a fever and a sore throat, it is necessary to consult a doctor: to treat this disease are urgently needed antibiotics.
Symptoms that distinguish: rash reddish brown on the body, the throat and tongue, red or raspberry.
Why it’s dangerous: as a general rule, does not lead to long-term complications. But if treatment is delayed, may cause otitis media, skin infections and other diseases.
Laryngitis and laringotraqueobronquitis (croup)
The laryngitis is the result of an inflammation of the vocal cords. The cause the virus or excessive loads on the vocal apparatus. This disease is manifested by a cough, hoarse, as if they were barking, with chills and fever. Many adults live with this condition for years, but in children, can lead to another potentially deadly disease known as laringotraqueobronquitis (croup). This, unlike the laryngitis, is caused only by infection, typically by the parainfluenza virus. Is transmitted through the air and when in contact with things infected.
Usually, croup is preceded by an acute cough, runny nose and fever. At night, the child may be upset about the wheezing in the lungs.
The laringotraqueobronquitis it comes quite easily, but it is dangerous for babies and young children. Some may require hospitalization.
The dangerous symptoms that indicate this bacterial infection are:
- Difficulty breathing or swallowing.
- Loud sounds when you inhale.
- Body temperature above 39 °C.
- Drooling increased.
If the child has difficulty breathing, immediately called an ambulance and opened the windows wide to allow the entry of air in the room. The vapor and inhalations with physiological saline may provide a temporary relief.
Symptoms that distinguish a laringotraqueobronquitis: acute cough, hoarse voice and respiratory disorders.
Why it’s dangerous: there is a risk (low-as) of death. As a general rule, the older the child, the less dangerous it will be to suffer croup, as the larynx expands with the passing of the years.
Often, the bronchitis acute produces after suffering a cold. Generally, it is of the nature viral. Sometimes, it is caused by dust, allergens, passive smoking, toxic gases, or bacteria.
The symptoms of a bronchitis reminiscent of a common cold:
- Runny nose, cough, sore throat.
- General discomfort.
- Chills, fever.
- Muscle pain and back.
At an early stage, the cough tends to be dry, and then begins to move the phlegm. In some cases, there is a difficulty in breathing. In these cases, the bronchitis can be confused with an asthma attack.
The disease, in general, be cured in a week or two, but the cough can last for more time.
Symptoms that distinguish it: wheezing in the lungs and altered breathing. The diagnosis done by the physician based on the medical history, tests, and a chest radiograph.
Why it’s dangerous: it can become pneumonia.
Cough, congestion and runny nose can be symptoms of allergies. The reaction to the pollen or the hair of animals, usually develops in a matter of a few minutes, but it also happens that some are manifested only to spend a few hours.
This disease can be differentiated from common cold by the color of the nasal discharge: yellow or green, generally, responds to an infectious disease. It’s also worth remembering if the child has been in contact with sick people.
If you suspect an allergy in your child, ask for an appointment with the doctor. You may need to undergo skin testing and to take antihistamines.
Symptoms that distinguish it: the cough or the runny nose appear soon after contact with the allergen. No fever, chills or heat sensations in the body.
Why it’s dangerous: the allergic rhinitis and bronchitis obstructive can become asthma.
And, to finish, a little tip: if you’ve noticed a cough unusual shortness of breath or some strange rashes on your child, not to experiment with folk remedies or use medications for adults. It is not known how it will affect these to your baby. Expected to have medical prescriptions. And the best addition to this is your love: when the child enjoys the sensation enough, it recovers faster and you see the future full of vivid colors.
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