The cramps in the legs are not a pleasant sensation. The statistics show that 30 percent of the people, at least once in his life, he suffered from muscle cramps. The pain of this is almost always unexpected and acute. Often begin at night, enabling us to experience moments little happy. Fortunately, this can be avoided.
Great.guru will help you understand the reasons why you have cramps in legs and will tell you how to start the treatment.
The cause par excellence of nocturnal leg cramps is usually dehydration. The consumption of a sufficient amount of fluid is very important for proper functioning of the muscles. According to claim doctors, the lack of water causes a hypersensitivity of the nerve endings, which just causing leg cramps.
What to do: drink more water, especially if it’s hot outside or practice some sport.
A shortage of micronutrients can cause many health problems, including cramps. The potassium, magnesium, calcium and sodium are vital minerals that help maintain the balance of fluids in the body and participate in muscle performance.
The potassium and the sodium chloride create electric impulses responsible for the muscle contraction. And magnesium regulates the amount of adenosine triphosphate in the body, which is the main source of energy for the muscles. It is interesting to know that the main reserves of magnesium are “stored” in the muscles of the legs, the cramping in that area are the first symptom that there is a shortage.
What to do: Eat and drink. No jokes: the food and water contain all the necessary trace elements.
The magnesium found in the avocado, almonds, bananas, and chocolate.
The calcium is plentiful in spinach, broccoli, sesame seeds and, of course, in the dairy products.
The champions for contain potassium are potatoes, carrots, and tomatoes.
Leg cramps are a consequence of pregnancy, especially, in the second quarter. Scientists estimate that this occurs as a result of fatigue and a worsening of the blood circulation. In addition, the weight of the baby during this period increases and the body is difficult to adapt to the new conditions.
What to do: pregnancy is the time when you have all the right to say goodbye to all the problems and misfortunes: the rest, a balanced diet, and outdoor walks are the best way to prevent the cramps.
The hypothyroidism is a pathological condition that arises due to a deficiency of the thyroid hormones. A low level of these hormones can produce cramps, as the calcitonin (peptide hormone of the thyroid gland) affects the absorption of calcium. In addition, it damage the nerves that send signals from the brain and the spine to the arms and legs.
During the cramps caused by hypothyroidism, it produces a tingling and numbness in the extremities.
What to do: see your doctor. These states are so severe they require long-term treatment, and perhaps, for life.
A high level of sugar in people with type 2 diabetes leads to damage to the nerves of the extremities. Unfortunately, this is not the only symptom alarming: the dehydration and lack of minerals are also characteristics of this disease.
What to do: in this type of case, you can either do without medical assistance. The doctor will prescribe a therapy anti-diabetic, which stops further damage of the nerves. In addition, you can prescribe anti-seizure medications and pain relievers.
Consumption of alcohol
The systematic use of alcohol leads to dehydration, damage to the peripheral nervous system and robs the body of trace elements important. Therefore, alcohol is one of the causes typical of suffer cramps.
What to do: if you have not been able to prevent the attendance to a party, drink water.
If there are no obvious reasons for the cramps, take a look at your medicine cabinet. Some drugs may cause spasms.
- Statins. Are used to decrease the level of cholesterol in the blood.
- Diuretics. Are prescribed if you have high blood pressure. Diuretics may cause a deficiency of potassium and magnesium.
- Estrogen. Hormones for the treatment of the symptoms of menopause.
- Analgesics. In some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the side effects include muscle cramps.
What to do: see your doctor, the doctor will prescribe other drugs that are more suitable to one or the other case.
Muscle cramps often occur in people who suffer from any kidney disease. According to scientists, is caused by an imbalance between fluids and electrolytes, as well as the deterioration of the nerves and blood flow during inflammation.
What to do: follow the advice of your doctor, choose a correct diet, do not neglect the physical effort.
Overexertion and muscle fatigue
Another cause of to suffer cramps in the legs may be a strain or simple fatigue. The intense exercise, a long walk, in general, any physical activity that you’re not used to, can cause night leg cramps.
However, a position and long-term static can be just as harmful as excessive activity.
What to do: follow a training routine, do not do over exertion and stay calm.
- Drink more fluids, this should become a habit. A good alternative to pure water can be sports drinks enriched with minerals.
- To Reduce the consumption of coffee and alcohol have a diuretic effect is very strong.
- Stretches the muscles of your legs before you go to bed.
- Sleep with loose clothing that does not interfere with the circulation of the blood.
- If it is still produced cramps in the leg, just move it, this will send a signal to the brain that everything is in order.
- Add to your diet products containing magnesium: green leafy vegetables, nuts and seeds.
- A warm compress on the affected area relieves the cramping.
- Used orthopedic shoes comfortable.
- Stay active, don’t stay too long, still, play sports.
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