The probe’s solar Parker, the first ship to transit through the corona of the Sun, was launched today with success 24 hours after the postponement of the take-off from the base of Cape Canaveral (Florida).
The mission, which aims to help shed light on the mysteries that hides the star king and that is expected to arrive in the month of November, beginning with its fourth launch attempt.
The rocket Delta IV Heavy from United Launch Alliance, blasted off at 03.31 local time (07.31 GMT) from the base Cape Canaveral air of the Aerospace Agency of USA (NASA) with the probe on board.
A few minutes after the launch the rocket just fell out of its three thrusters, as was scheduled.
With a few weather predictions favorable for the 95% and after you have resolved the problems that they had in fact changed the release dates of two times, the NASA rescheduled it yesterday for this Sunday, the start of this mission, which it considers “historic”.
The probe aims to collect information closer to the Sun than any other spacecraft has done up until now.
And so can contribute to resolving questions such as the difference of the temperature of the atmosphere of the star king, which is more than a million degrees while the own solar surface is 6,000 degrees.
After years of research, the team gave the way of the probe to resist to a heat equivalent to 500 times what we experience on Earth and make, as well, observations in situ.
It is a heat shield that will withstand temperatures of 1,400 degrees celsius , and keep the instruments inside the aircraft at ambient temperature (30 degrees celsius).
The probe, small size (65 kilos and 3 meters in height), you will arrive at a distance of 6 million kilometers from the Sun, which is equivalent to 4 centimeters of him if the Earth were one meter from the Sun.
In addition, the probe will reach the 700,000 kilometers per hour, the highest speed that until now has developed any other ship built by the man.
A speed that is equivalent to travel between New York and Tokyo in a minute and that will allow the probe to reach the Sun in November.
The probe, which will orbit 24 times around the Sun and will be approaching gradually to it with the help of the gravity of Venus, will reach its closest point in 2025, which is when you can gather the information of more value.
The probe has a cost of 1,500 million dollars (1,200 million euros) and will for the first time the name of a living person, the american physicist Eugene Parker, 91, who developed in the 50’s of the last century, the theory of the solar wind.