It is easier to believe in magic to understand how a man manages to raise to the sky a bird of iron of many tons. Ignorance generates fear of the unknown. This is why so many pilots and workers of the airlines gladly have for what things are worth worrying about and why the planes are so fabulous.
Great.guru selected 16 answers to the questions most exciting and complex interests of all those who even once in their life have seen a plane.
16. How to get into the cockpit, if the door is locked from the inside?
There is a special code to enter the flight attendant to enter the cabin. This is necessary for cases in which, for example, both pilots have lost the knowledge. The commander before the flight you find out the code and informs his crew. After entering the code, the door will open for a minute, but only if the pilots do not perform any action. If the pilot sees via the video camera near the door there is a member of the crew, it completely blocks the door and the malefactor will not be able to enter in any way.
15. Do the drivers can use a mustache, lush green, or a piercing?
The beard, whiskers, thick, piercings and any other ornaments on it and “bump” on the face prevent the pilot using the oxygen mask, which must fit tight to the face. Therefore, the face of the pilot should always be clean. Sometimes it allows you a slight beard. Otherwise, it creates a situation that puts in danger the lives of passengers.
14. What would happen if all the engines want them to spoil?
During each flight the plane is changed to a mode in which the motors operate at zero speed. It is the same if in a car with a manual transmission to pull down a top shifting the lever to the neutral position. A complete failure in the engine occurs very rarely, and for this case there is a special instruction to restart the services.
But even without engines, the plane can land in the place planned. The most famous case happened with a Boeing 747 on Java in 1982. When the plane passed through a cloud of ash caused by the explosion of a volcano, the four engines stopped working. The crew managed to land the aircraft at the nearest airport and none of the 263 people were wounded.
13. How long do the oxygen masks?
The level of oxygen and pressure within the airplane is artificially maintained. If there is a depressurization in the cabin at a high altitude, a person develops hypoxia and as a result you lose consciousness. Without an oxygen mask, you can die.
The oxygen masks for passengers are designed for a duration of 10 to 15 minutes. This is sufficient time for the pilot to lower the plane to a altitude where you can breathe in a normal way. The pilot has its own oxygen mask stationary, designed for a more prolonged duration, to lower and even land the plane without losing the concentration. Before each flight, the pilots checked the performance of their masks.
12. Do the drivers sleep behind the wheel?
Approximately 56 percent of the drivers are asleep by accident during the flight, although it is better to say that they can get sleepy. Fortunately, modern aircraft almost always operate in autopilot mode, and the operators require a constant response of reaction of the pilots.
In the long-distance flights, two crews or three pilots can work at the same time, replaced each other to take a break. The pilot, having worked his shift, he sleeps in a special cabin. It is important that the crew are constantly in communication with the operators and that at least one pilot control the flight.
11. Why the plane frustrates a landing?
This is a regular situation. The plane can thwart a landing by several reasons, for example, in the clue is an object or an animal, blowing a strong lateral wind, or the airport is temporarily closed by an emergency landing of a flight special.
The passengers were worried because the plane before the long-awaited landing suddenly returns to take up height, but in reality everything is under control.
10. What citizenship receives a child born in an airplane?
There are several options. It will be a passport:
- the country where is registered the airline of the plane in which took place the birth,
- the country where you were born
- the country where I landed the plane.
In most of the cases, according to common practice, we choose the first option, but the decision is taken by the airline, taking into account the legislation in force. Some companies give a bonus as a gift for the children: the opportunity to fly free on their planes to any part of the world for life.
9. How a plane can land on autopilot?
In modern aircraft, control systems lead to the plane on its route from a height of 300 meters, and almost to the landing on the runway. During the descent, you can use the automatic landing, but the pilot needs to activate this mode and to control it by giving certain configurations for the maneuver.
Long before landing directly on the runway, the aircraft is guided by the instrument landing system, marker beacon from the airport drives the aircraft, correcting its trajectory. This system works even though the aircraft is completely without energy.
8. What is more secure? A hard landing in the water or on land
That depends on the model of the plane, but in most cases it is easier to land on. The water not only flooded quickly the plane, but will also be more “hard” than the soil, due to its density and consistency. According to the statistics, to have an emergency landing on earth, the chances of survival are greater.
7. How do you feed the pilots during the flight?
For pilots prepared a special menu with several dishes to choose from: if the commander wants chicken, the second pilot will receive fish or meat. This is the best way to avoid the poisoning with the same products. The drivers eat in shifts, some directly behind the steering wheel in special tables.
But there are airlines where this rule is not met and the pilots can get the same portion of food as the passengers.
6. Why pilots fly in the passenger cabin?
Sometimes the pilots on the job flying passengers from one airport to another. If you are on board with the uniform, then to the public, are forbidden to sleep, eat, or watch movies with headphones. The image of a pilot wearing the uniform because doing such actions can lead to an error and cause panic among the passengers. But often the pilots with the uniform since flying seat-booking in the cockpit or in first class.
5. What is worse: being hit by a bird, being under hail or receive a beam?
A plane is often stuck by lightning, but passengers don’t even notice. In extremely rare cases, this can lead to the deactivation of the aircraft. If so, the pilots have several instructions to reset the on-board electronics and the flight continues in normal mode.
The birds are more dangerous than they seem. Due to the impact on the fan or the turbine it is possible to the destruction, failure and even engine fire. Not all the windshield will survive a collision with a bird. Therefore, the airports use noise generators, hawks and even helicopters to shoo them away.
The hail is not any less dangerous, but it is more easy to detect and to fly in weather conditions aggressive.
4. Why there are spirals in the turbines?
The turbine can operate nearly without producing any sounds. If you approach at that time, you will throw to a few meters and you’ll get serious injuries. Due to a series of accidents, now it is customary to designate the center of the turbine with spiral or other signs to see that the engine is running or is at rest.
3. What a common person can land a plane?
If it is a modern airliner, then there is opportunity. The recent experience in a simulator showed that a hostess did cope with this task perfectly. In many cases, the direct and land an aircraft it is a merit of computer systems, always and when, through radio communications, the person in the cabin get the right direction.
2. Why the passengers don’t have parachutes?
This sounds unlikely but, if the plane starts to fall, it is unlikely that a parachute save your life. Most people, even in a calm state, will not be able to put it back on and land safely. To jump and not receive damage, the aircraft must fly slowly to a height of not more than 5 kilometers above the earth.
But there are passengers desperate to wear a parachute in your hand luggage. You can follow his example. However, your own parachute will cost the same as a car imported.
1. Do the drivers not have a fear of flying?
The air accident largest in the history happened not in the sky, but on earth. In 1977, two planes collided on the runway, as a result were killed 583 people. Shocks air occur rarely. According to statistics, the majority of incidents occur in the first 3 minutes after takeoff and 8 minutes before landing. But, even after an air disaster, 95.7 percent of people survive.
If you want to increase your chances of survival, sit in the seat of the queue: here the places are more secure. Or choose locations within the rows of the emergency exits.
Bonus: is there clapping to the pilots?
In reality the pilots will be pleased to know on the part of the flight attendants that landing was applauded. Some even stop in the output accompanying the passengers and they can thank you personally. You can also give them chocolate, they will be happy.
What do you do question him you would do to a pilot?
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