Many believed to be gods, the owners of the countries and their riches, and their hands ran the blood of millions of people, between the wars most cruel, and their greed plunged into the ruins to whole families. No need to look for a book of history to recognize the names of the dictators more powerful of the contemporary age, because they are remembered collectively for their atrocities. However, it’s good to know many of them were human beings gifted. Some played musical instruments, painted, wrote and even directed films.
You might think that the virtues of a tyrant are irrelevant information, but Stefan Zweig thought the opposite. When the austrian writer, described a character, desgranaba even the smallest aspect of your personality to introduce the reader to a construction psychological exact, a fact which became the biographer and historian, most prodigious in the TWENTIETH century.
Without more to add, Great.guru invites you to learn the artistic side of the dictators most powerful of all time, so that you can embark on your own journey into the psyche of those personalities that marked, for good or for evil, the destiny of the world.
1. Between the strings of Benito Mussolini
“To give laws, wise to a people and to dominate the masses must also be a little artists”, said Benito Mussolini, Italian political founder of fascism, head of government and dictator from 1922 to 1943. Dragged Italy to his reckless intervention in the Second World War, being one of the main allies of Adolf Hitler.
Il Duce, as he is known, played the violin and was fond of music; while there came to be a professional violinist, he had a talent and he used to accompany his son Roman, who was a skilled pianist. Father and son played a duet to relax and enjoy the shared passion.
Romano Mussolini stated in his memoir that his father loved the classical music, the opera, and who was a friend of singers and performers of renown. His dream had always been to become an acclaimed composer, so I used to promote festivals and used music as a propaganda instrument of fascism.
In 2014, it was auctioned off in London for a violin Amati made in the year 1700, that belonged to Benito Mussolini. The instrument was sold for 150 000 euros to a buyer american.
2. The strokes of Francisco Franco
Being one of the ringleaders of the military leadership, attempted a coup against the democratic government of the Second Republic, whose failure came as a result of the Spanish civil war in 1936. At the end of the war, getting the victory with the support of Germany and Italy, led a cruel dictatorship that would end on the day of his death: November 20, 1975.
“Every afternoon, after coffee, was shut for a while to paint. He was a great cartoonist. Some of his paintings were copies of other famous; a portrait of my mother, her self-portrait. Were not exceptional, but if of a quality and realism almost unattainable for the majority of the fans to the painting”, andxpresó the grandson of Franco in his biographical novel.
3. The poems of Mao Zedong
Although he orchestrated during his government a campaign to exterminate all intellectual chinese to provide ideal antirrevolucionarios, the Great Helmsman was a lover of literature and liked writing poetry, being faithful to the classic style of poem-writing and getting his inspiration from the poetry of ancient china.
4. The contributions literary Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein was an iraqi political declared the president of the republic in the year 1979, a position he held until the year 2003. His dictatorial regime was characterized by numerous declarations of war, purchase of bombs and guns, and invasions of neighboring countries.
Hussein is renowned for his cruelty and intelligence; in addition to being an influential politician in his country, he was also a brilliant novelist and poet who contributed to the modern literature 4 novels and several poems. His most recognized was Zabibah and the King; a love story that lay hidden in its metaphors themes such as politics, philosophy, and history.
5. The footage of Kim Jong-Il
Kim Jong Il was a political and military north korea who starred in one of the dictatorships most cruel of all times and, in turn, one of the stories more fanciful in the history of cinema.
Orphan of mother at the age of 7, the future dictator grew up in a dome of luxuries foreign to the shortcomings facing the country. The boy not only enjoyed the food imported exclusively for him, he also had access to the foreign culture that was forbidden to the population by going against the nationalistic ideals.
By not having to pay 10 years of military service as teenagers of his age, Kim demanded that the diplomats of his father that will bring movies to spend days seeing them (an action punishable with death to the rest of the north koreans). Although he enjoyed all genres and backgrounds, it was the american film that stole his heart. I used to see several times a month, Rambo and James Bond while he dreamt of becoming an acclaimed director.
His father, seeing him graduate from college in 1964, and knowing of his fascination with the seventh art, he decided to give an important post in the government, entrusting to him the design and dissemination of the propaganda of the country.
The fan felt that the cinema was an effective tool for indoctrinating the north Korean people, so that started to direct their first films. However, not satisfied with less, I wanted to win awards at festivals and competing with South Korea; but as no one had access to the films, it was difficult to find a competent team in your own country.
In 1978, the future dictator kidnapped two emblematic figures of cinema of south korea to force them to work in their films. It was the actress most prolific of South Korea, Choi Eun Hee, and the acclaimed film director Shing Sang Ok, ex-husband of the woman.
Both artists were imprisoned and tortured until they agreed, 3 years after the abduction, to collaborate with film projects, filming and several propaganda films. The director and the actress returned to marry at the request of his eccentric captor, and together they managed to escape the asian country in the year 1986, according to the documentary “The evolution of evil: Kim dynasty north korea” produced by RTVE.it is in 2016.
Above: Kim Jong II with the couple kidnapped.
Below: The happy couple after they fled.
6. The arpeggios of Augusto Pinochet
Augusto Pinochet was a military and political chilean who led a military dictatorship in his country between 1973 and 1990. Came to power leading a coup that would overthrow the socialist government of Salvador Allende.
According to the statements of Teresa Pinochet, the sister of the dictator, during an interview carried out by BBC World in the year 2015, Tito, as he was called affectionately, was the darling of the house, and showed great interest in classical music. In addition to being a good student, he played very well the piano, giving several concerts during his youth.
7. The poems romantic of Josef Stalin
Josef Stalin was the second leader of the Soviet Union. In 1922, after years of form important part of the circle of soviet power, Stalin became the most powerful man in the country to be named general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party All.
During his youth and until he started his political career, Josef Stalin , was devoted to write, among other things. He edited several newspapers and wrote articles on communist ideals based on the theories of Marx and Engels; however, he did not devote himself exclusively to writing texts for purposes of propaganda, came to compose a number of poems romantic, which were published in collections of other authors.
8. The paintings of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler was a German politician and writer of ancestry austrian, and maximum leader of the Nazi Germany. After being appointed chancellor in 1933, established a dictatorship, totalitarian, and founded a single party, through which would repress brutally the opposition. Designed and directed a vast propaganda apparatus based on their ideas, nationalist, anti-semitic, and extremist. We all know how it ended this.
There’s little that has not already been said of this famous character; however, due to their atrocities overshadowed their human virtues, the talent for painting that had Adolf Hitler not knowledge is massive, although there is a lot of material about it.
From a child I dreamed to become a painter. Tried to enter twice to the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, but failed to pass the examination, the reason for which he decided to devote himself to his military career without leaving paint in your free time. Although the experts considered him to be a painter of mediocrity, today his works have reached a huge value in the market. According to the article published in the newspaper The World, in the year 2015, one of his paintings was sold for 100 000 euros to a buyer from asia.
His favorite motifs were landscapes, urban, rural and natural. Many of his works have been auctioned in Europe and other are confiscated by the u.s. government. Maybe if you had been given an opportunity to the artist and not the military, the course of history would have been another.
“Behind every dictator there is an artist failed”
“Behind every dictator there is an artist failed”, argues the writer and screenwriter of Italian Errico Buonanno in his book “Il due di Nerone”, a journalistic text that delves into the artistic life of the leaders most heinous of humankind, explaining how influenced these passions in his character, personality and even in the ways to lead their nations.
Do you think that, having developed as artists, these characters have been left to one side the violence? Do you think that art can be a tool of control, mass? Do you know any other dictator who has any talent worthy of knowing?
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