10 psychological Data that we did not know ourselves

During the years of research on our brain, scientists have identified a large number of secrets and hidden errors safely in our mind.

For you to understand your body better, Great.guru invites you to “immerse you in the head” and figure out how it works. So we are, let’s dig.

1. Constantly we change our memories

We tend to think that our memories are a kind of small movies or videos. Are located somewhere in our brain and never change. But, in reality, the events of the past are reconstructed every time we think of them.

Its content is influenced by gaps in memory and what happened after. For example, you don’t remember who was present at that family dinner, but your aunt has not been lost never a single meeting. Therefore, with the passage of time, you can include it in your memories, even if he was not there.

2. We have a limited number of friends

Psychologists and sociologists extracted the number of Dunbar, which indicates the maximum number of people with which it is possible to maintain a close relationship. So, even if you have thousands of “friends” on Facebook, the reality is that you can only communicate with no more than 50 to 200.

3. We feel more happy if we are busy

In both situations, your bags will be with you after these 10 minutes. It is just that in the second case, you will be more restless and unhappy. This happens because our brain does not like to be idle, but prefer to be busy. And the performance of other tasks, we reward you with dopamine, due to which we feel most happy.

4. We can memorize only 3 or 4 things at the same time

Studies show that our brain is able to memorize 3 or 4 blocks of information at once. In addition, this information is stored for only 20 to 30 seconds. And then, we forget, if you do not, we repeat time and time again.

For example, you’re driving and talking on the phone (don’t do it!). All of a sudden you say a number, but you can’t write it down, so you try to memorize it. You repeat the numbers over and over again to almecenarlas in your short-term memory, about 20 seconds, until it crashes and the notes.

By the way, because it is easier to memorize 3 or 4 blocks of information, many things are made up of 4 digits, or lines. For example, the telephone number, the credit card or this same paragraph.

5. We do not perceive things as we see them

Our brain is constantly processing information through the senses. Analyze what we see and present it in a way that we can understand it.

For example, we read a quick text just because, in reality, not what we are reading. We perceive the first and last letter and the rest of us what we invent, because we’ve already seen it before. Do you remember? “Not ipmotra the odren in which the ltears etsán ersciats, the úicna csoa ipormtnate is that the pmrirea and the utlima ltera esétn in the psioción cocrrtea”.

As a result, what we see (the letters mixed), is different to that which we perceive (words). And this happens not only with the texts.

6. The 30 percent of our time we employ in dream

Imagine that you’re at work reading an important document and you realize that you’ve just read the same sentence up to 3 times. Instead of thinking about what you were reading, your mind wandered somewhere else.

Scientists from the University of California to ensure that each day we spent dreaming of the 30 percent of our time, and sometimes (during a long trip) up to 70 percent. But that has nothing wrong with it. These same studies show that people who like to dream about are more creative, solve problems better and it is easier to get rid of stress.

7. We can not avoid to pay attention to 3 things: food, sex and danger

Ever wonder why people always stops when he sees an accident on the road? We refer to all consider this event as something terrible, but I still see it.

The responsible of this curiosity is our “brain – old”: an area responsible for the survival. Its function is to scan constantly the environment and respond to 3 questions: can I eat it? can I have sex with it? do this I can kill? Food, sex and danger are the important things without which we would not have survived, which forces them to pay attention.

8. We need a choice as wide as possible

The scientists conducted a study. In a shop they placed 2 tables. On one of them there were 6 types of jam, and on another, 24. As a result, 60 percent of the people stopped to try the jams of the table with 24 kinds, but they bought 4 times more often than the table with 6 offers.

Why is this happening? Do you remember that our brain can deal with only 3 or 4 things at once? The final decision is always easier of a possibility of elections lower.

However, we always want a wide assortment. We love a variety and more often we stop in the table with 24 kinds of jam, but finally we just buying the same thing.

9. We make most decisions unconsciously

We tend to believe that all our actions are carefully thought out. However, 60-80 percent of the daily decisions depart from our subconscious. Not reflect how to do it, we just do it automatically.

Each second, our brain receives millions of pieces of data. And in order to reduce the burden, a good part of the work is done by the subconscious. Take the keys, turn off the lights, close the door and other actions of this type are fully automated, so you don’t even think about them.

That’s why, so often, we ask questions such as “what I have off the iron?” or “what I have locked when you leave?”

10. There are people multitasking

Many studies reveal that people can be dedicated to a single cognitive task. Test talk and read at the same time. Or, type a letter while listening to an audiobook. Most likely is not what you can do, since we are able to only keep attention on a single action.

But there is an exception to this rule. If the second action is a physical or automatic (something you do often), then you can do the two things at the same time. For example, you can walk and at the same time talking on the phone. But, even in this case, there is a high probability of bumping into someone or miss some part of the conversation.

Illustrator Daniil Shubin for Great.guru

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