The year 2017 came over the world and the future of the science fantastic, starting with the regeneration of human cells to create new organs and ending with the search of habitable planets.
Great.guru has created for you a list of the 13 most important discoveries and scientific achievements during the last few years.
1. Victory against the Ebola virus
The agency of Public Health of Canada along with the pharmaceutical company Merck in 2016, developed a vaccine against the Ebola virus. The World Health Organization considers that the effectiveness of the new vaccine is in the range of 75 to 100 percent.
For the first time in 40 years the rules of the game have changed: now the supremacy of the the human being has and not the virus.
2. Flight to Pluto
The mission of the NASA “New Horizons” started in 2006, when Pluto was considered a planet. During 9 years the device space approached the distant planet, and in 2015 were obtained the first shots color of Pluto and its satellite Charon.
In the solar system because there are no unknown planets.
3. Learn how to change the desired area of the DNA
The genetic engineers from China and the US are still experimenting with the method for the modification of genes CRISPR/Cas9, which gives the opportunity to find the desired area of the DNA and change it, by cutting or adding lines of genetic code. We approach completely on the possibility of correcting the genes of the human being.
This would help in the healing of diseases caused genetically and in the future with the emergence of “super-humans” that they experience with their genes.
4. Finding remains of ancient people
Professor Lee Berger in 2013 organized an expedition to the cave Dinaledi and found about five hundred thousand fragments of skeletons of old.
After the analysis of the human remains, called Homo naledi, came to the conclusion that they are the first representatives of the human race. They lived between 2 million and 3 million years ago and are a link of transition between the apes Australopithecus and humans.
5. Impressions of the tissue helped to preserve the cells alive
Researchers at the Institute of Regenerative Medicine Wake Forest developed a methodology that allows you to print the impregnated fabric of the microchannels as a sponge, with which the nutritious ingredients enter it. Above, the use of this technology is complicated, because it was very difficult to keep alive the cells: they lacked oxygen and nutritious ingredients.
This discovery can help the recovery from damage to the nerves and in the future people will be able to develop limbs complete and internal organs.
6. Creation of an antibiotic against bacteria resistant to most drugs
Researchers of the company NovoBiotics Pharmaceuticals developed a device which can allow the bacteria to grow in a natural environment for them. One of the substances given off by the bacteria was very effective against most bacteria resistant to other antibiotics, and received the name of Teixobactin.
This substance is harmful to the most important enzymes, which are responsible for the construction of the cell wall of the bacteria. That is why any modification is deadly to microorganisms.
7. Union of brains of four rats
The neurophysiological Duke University led by Miguel Nicolelis joined the brains of 4 adult rats and brain networks resulting performed such tasks as image processing, storage and search of information, and even predicting the weather. Was obtained by a call computer organic, whose performance was higher than that of each brain separately.
How will have a brain common to four?
8. Attempt to reverse the process of aging
A group of researchers from Stanford University developed a method that allows you to prolong in a thousand nucleotides telomeres human: the final sections of the chromosomes.
The younger the person, the longer their telomeres. With the passage of time are becoming shorter and, as a consequence, the human organism begins to age. Reduce the speed of this process can be through the help of lead a healthy lifestyle, but the employees of Stanford University proposed another method. They showed that it can be used for medical intervention to extend the terminal regions of the chromosomes.
9. “Fixed” a human embryo
On the 27th of July in Portland, state of Oregon, scientists achieved amazing results in the technology of the genetic correction. Using CRISPR, successfully extracted from the human embryo a gene that was related with cardiovascular diseases.
Today, scientists can use the same scheme to insert new elements in DNA, to delete or correct your areas. This process is so precise that scientists can test millions of chemical combinations to perform a specific key modification of the genetic code.
10. The artificial intelligence learned parkour
Google specialists of the department of artificial intelligence, DeepMind published a paper in which illustrate how to teach the artificial intelligence to adapt to the external environment changing. The three agents of the system are a body without a head, an “ant” with 4 legs and a human figure in 3 dimensions. With the method of trial and error , they learned the parkour in the virtual space.
This method can help the technologies of artificial intelligence to achieve a performance more natural and flexible, and to teach them to adapt to the changes.
11. Make an important decision to cool the planet
From 1980 to 2010, the temperature on the surface of the planet has increased by 0.25 degrees celsius every decade. According to the pessimistic scenario of the UN, during the next 100 years the planet will warm by 2.6 to 4.8 degrees celsius. The melting of the poles will cause an increase in the sea level that will cause flooding on the coasts, droughts and cataclysms.
Realizing the magnitude of the possible catastrophe ecólogica, the member countries of the UN opted for a new climate agreement: Paris. The participants commit to gradually move to a carbon-free economy, to spend energy with care and to introduce environmentally-friendly technologies.
12. They created artificial wombs
On April 26, doctors from a clinic, children’s of Philadelphia were able to simulate a female uterus in order to save a lamb premature. In the future, this creation should prevent the mortality and diseases of premature infants up to 37 weeks.
Until now, however, the device may not be used to save the lives of premature babies due to that at this moment there mimics all the funcionamienos of the uterus and the placenta, which feeds and supports the functioning of the organism of the fetus.
13. They found a planet that we can live
The scientists of the European Organization for Astronomical Studies found a possible planet for an extraterrestrial life called the LHS 1140b. It was found in the area inhabited a dark star about 40 light-years from Earth.
The planet rotates around a dwarf red and, according to preliminary versions, has all the functions needed to support life. It has a rocky surface and you can maintain water in its liquid state and possibly an atmosphere, and life.
One more year in journey towards a new unknown future is coming to an end. The science is the main driver of this development, and we sincerely hope that you will lead us to discoveries and achievements even more amazing.
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