Our Lady of Guadalupe is a marian apparition in the catholic Church of mexican origin, whose image has its principal centre of worship in the Basilica of Guadalupe, located in the foothills of the hill of Tepeyac, in the north of the City of Mexico.
According to the oral tradition of mexican and according to what has been described by multiple historical documents from the Vatican, appeared four times to the indian Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin on the hill of Tepeyac, and a fifth time to Juan Bernardino, uncle of Juan Diego.
Our Lady of Guadalupe
The importance of this virgin
According to various researchers, the cult of the Virgin of Guadalupe is one of the beliefs more historically rooted in the current Mexico and part of its identity, and has been present in the development as a country since the SIXTEENTH century.
It has also been of vital importance even in their social processes more important as the Mexican Independence, the Reform, the mexican Revolution and mexican society today, where it has millions of faithful. But, what if this whole story were not real?
Already exist in Spain
A legend, not guadalupe, says that in the THIRTEENTH century there already existed in Spain a Virgin of Guadalupe. He appreciated the cowboy Gil Lamb in the margins of the river Guadalupe in Cáceres, of which the name comes from.
In 1338 is commanded to copy the image of the more or less original, but later a painter decided to give another interpretation to sell copies.
When we carried out the Conquest, the Catholic Monarchs decided that as the lady was a brunette, as the indians, was to be the protector of the new world. The very own Hernan Cortes commanded to install a copy of the virgin in the temple of the Hill of Tepeyac, looking for the submission religious of the indigenous.
The idea of the conqueror was to replace the gods indians by the Spanish. This changed the God Tlaloc (God of rain) by St. John the Baptist, Xochipili (God of Flowers) for San Isidro Labrador, Huitzilopochtli by jesus Christ,…
What fairy tale or reality?
There are those who argue to the hilt that it is appearances real and that a mistake could not have endured for so many years. However, there are many who claim that these appearances were pure story.
The first news they had of the Virgin was given in 1648, 117 years after the supposed fact, and it came to pass by the Spanish father Miguel Sánchez, in his book Image of the Virgin Mary.
However, from 1555 is already present in the Tepeyac Hill, because that had been placed by Hernán Cortés, as many believe to get money with the alms.
However, while many devotees of the apparition of the Virgin of Guadalupe continue to believe that the image was of a divine form, to this day it is believed that it was a myth created by the Spanish to control the population. Just one more example of the possible goings-on of the Church to maintain control.