The good cinema is not only a great story and excellent interpretation of the actors. A movie is the set, costumes, music, scenery and, of course, a color scheme. Sometimes we do not notice the great role they play in the film, the midtones, and shadows. And that is why it is interesting to understand.
In Great.guru conducted a small research and discover how the color helps a movie become a masterpiece.
1. Located the scene
Sometimes, in some films the narrative is not linear or there is an intersection of two worlds: one real and one fantastic, invented. For example, in the film “Memento” by Christopher Nolan, the dark color helps the viewer to navigate through time: the scenes in black-and-white are shown in chronological order and feature the events of the present time, while the colours have the reverse chronological order and reflect scenes from the past.
In the movie “Matrix”, the color indicates in which of the worlds is the plot: the real world is shown in shades of blue and the events of the matrix are in green.
2. It does advance the story
Many times, the color in the film helps the development of the plot and mark key moments with precision, while at times difficult to do so. Here are some clear examples.
In the movie “Drive” is perceived with clarity the range of colors orange. After the scene in the elevator, when the hero of Ryan Gosling settles brutally at the enemy in front of the eyes of the heroine, we see the state of shock in which the leaves that act. Then she comes out of the elevator and the shot is tinted in shades of blue: a symbol of cooling, the fact that she never more will see the hero as before. The hero, meanwhile, remains submerged within, the color orange, the elevator door closes, separating the characters.
In the movie “life imprisonment”, prison and all the events that take place on their territory are painted in colours grey and pale blue, but the shots in the wild are bright, alive and cheerful. That way the creators emphasized how much differ these two worlds.
Do you all remember how bright and colourful are the first two movies of “Harry Potter”? In part, this is due to the form of film of Chris Columbus, but also to the fact that in that part of the story Harry was still very young. By the way, the same resource is used when displaying the childhood memories of professor Snape, where we see Lily, the mother of Harry.
And the more dark it becomes the story, much less vivid colors remaining in the narration: the last parts become dark both in content and in color. This is especially noticeable in the scenes in tragic events and battles.
In the series “Breaking Bad,” there is a resource of color imperceptible, but curious. Of course, all fans of the series remember the transformation of a simple chemistry teacher into a drug lord. And now remember the scene of the dialogue of Walter with his wife when pronounced the memorable phrase: “I am the danger”.
At the beginning of the dialogue, Walter is sitting next to his wife in a red shirt: even if you are upset, we continue to see the same chemistry teacher. But then it starts to enrage, removed the shirt and left in a t shirt burgundy dark, utters his famous phrase, and it is another man that we see, much more safe and much more bad.
3. Creates highlights eye-catching
Some film makers play with the color in a very literal way, so much so that it is simply impossible not to notice their tricks.
It is what made the creators of the film “Schindler’s list”: a black and white movie about the Holocaust. The only detail in color it is a little girl in a red coat who appears briefly in a shot. According to the creators of the movie, the wardrobe is an allegory of the Holocaust that was in front of all and on which all the countries they knew, but nobody did nothing about it.
The movie mystic “The sixth sense” generates tension and all the time spear the viewer to the subject of death with the help of red objects, that appear in the decision: the toddler sweater, a handle, a balloon or a blanket.
Pleasantville is an example of beautiful how the color can assume one of the main roles in a movie. According to the plot, two teenagers arrive from the ’90s to the ’50s of the last century, to a black and white world. This trip does not stop affect the local inhabitants: the more new things they know the heroes of Pleasantville, more vivid colors appear in their lives, and in the movie there are ever more brands of color.
And of course, we cannot fail to mention “sin City” (sin City), a thriller criminal noir in black-and-white, where the color is used in a way so precise that it acquires a fundamental significance in the plot and the viewer is left with no choice but to notice it.
4. It helps to create the character
The resource a favorite of many managers is the allocation of a color to a character.
In “Alice in wonderland” it is amazing to discover that many of the characters have their own color: red and white are, of course, of the queen, Alice is blue, and the Mad Hatter’s is orange. In key scenes, the colors of the characters are heightened, and you can also see how they work when combined in a single take, and how they influence each other.
In the movie “Mr. Nobody” before the protagonist is open to several ways of life that, in many aspects, depend on what girl it is. Each heroine has their own color that accompanies her throughout the film: the Jean is yellow, the Elise, blue, and Anna, red.
5. Rejoice at the sight
Of course, many times the color in the film is used to beautify the box. For example, the combination of complementary colors, that is to say, two opposite colors, it helps to give life to a decision, because the eye perceives a warm color next to a cold one as something harmonious.
Perhaps the clearest example of this is the combination of the blue with the yellow, which are so popular among the creators of box office hits.
Less frequently is used the combination of red and green, which also draw attention and make the decision to be vivid. This combination is used a lot in “Amelie”.
Another resource is the use of a color scheme complementary, that is to say, colors that are symmetrical with respect to the center of the chromatic circle. That creates in the table a warm and welcoming atmosphere and is also quite pleasing to the eye.
Create on the screen an explosion of colors that does not become a cacophony is not easy, but, once more, help the color schemes. The result is worth the effort, and an excellent example of this is “La La Land”, where the shots juicy and colorful to refer to the atmosphere of the years ’60 and ’70 and transmitted perfectly to the artistic spirit of The Angels.
At the same time, pay attention to how you change the range and the light is “damped” in the sad moments of the film; this is clearly seen in the scene of the fight during the dinner, as well as in the scene of farewell in the bar.
All of these techniques of use of color affect the perception of the image as the emotions of the audience and leaves an unforgettable impression. Did you notice something like that while you saw a movie? Share your observations in the comments, maybe we’ve passed something.
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