In recent years, science has advanced significantly and developed many achievements beneficial in all fields. Just when you think that everything has already been discovered and studied inside and out, the scientists and the big companies present projects and ideas even more ambitious. Some of them want to conquer outer space; others want to heal and prevent disease for millions of people.
In Great.guru gathered for you the last 9 achievements more incredible in the field of science. Some of them will become a reality next year!
9. Wifi in all the world
More than 50 per cent of the rural areas of the world in Europe, Africa and Asia still do not have access to an Internet connection reliable and fast speed. Do you ever wonder if someday there will be Internet access all over the world? Backed by the Virgin Group, OneWeb will make that possible in just 10 years. According to Greg Wyler, the founder of the company, are building a new platform of global knowledge accessible to all.
In 2018 they plan to launch 10 satellites that will become the first pieces of the satellite larger than that will engulf the whole Earth. The company plans to provide Internet access to every school, home, or health care facility in 2022. For 2027, with a total of 900 satellites in orbit, will be closed completely the digital divide around the world.
8. A mask that allows the senses to “superhuman”
All the superheroes wear masks, shields and suits of iron, even those who do not possess superpowers. The technological progress has shown that today anyone can look like a superhero , or at least much improve their senses of sight and hearing. Not bad for those who are not X-Men. Developed by students of the Royal College of Art in London, the mask called Eidos sharpens up the way that we see and hear the world around us.
The mask audio Eidos can amplify specific sounds and to block out the background noise with a directional microphone. Allows the user to listen to the voices that you want. This mask will have a big impact for people with hearing problems or those who have difficulty concentrating in a noisy environment.
7. The project ‘s Third Thumb
Do you need extra help? Here it is! Dani Clode, a designer from New Zealand who now lives in London, introduces a new “Project of the Third Thumb” in the form of a finger extra 3D printed and controlled by the foot. All you need to do is to place a bracelet similar to a watch in your hand and tie it to 2 pressure sensors installed in the insoles of the shoes under the big toe of each foot. Communicate with the thumb via Bluetooth and respond to all the movements.
According to Clode, has always been interested in the prosthetics, and I wanted to understand the connection between the user and the limb, as some feel as part of them. Its prototype Third Thumb has a promising future in music, medicine and in all fields where a person needs to control something. The project Clode serves to expand the capacity, not to repair the disability.
6. Medicine that cures AIDS
The world has been waiting decades for this to happen. Finally, a scientific breakthrough offers hope to create a vaccine against AIDS. AIDS affects more than 36.7 million people around the world. According to the journal Science, scientists from the National Institutes of Health were able to create an antibody that attacks HIV from 3 parts, thus creating the possibility of developing the vaccine and treat the disease in the future.
Research has shown that even HIV, known for its capacity to mutate rapidly, can be overcome by these antibodies. If the antibodies are classified as safe for the people, to the end of 2018, the drug is used as a treatment for people already living with HIV/AIDS. In case of positive results, will appear on the market within the next 3 or 4 years.
5. Contact lens smart Google
It seems that Google knows no boundaries in the world of technology and gives life to things that we have been dreaming of during the whole of our existence. Along with the pharmaceutical giant Novartis, Google has been developing a prototype of a contact lens smartphone from 3 years ago. The main goal of the device is in the medical field: a contact lens can measure glucose levels in tears with a small chip wireless. What a great breakthrough for those who suffer from diabetes!
Researchers from Google X decided to bravely create “chips and sensors so small that they resemble bits of glitter and an antenna thinner than a human hair”. They are testing the prototypes now, but we can already meet many of its possible uses.
4. Pill detector of cancer Google X
As if they had not already done enough, right? The laboratories of Google X have tried to interlace medicine and nanotechnology for several years. Nanotechnology is a complex field of study that can lead to the modern medicine to a new level. The laboratories are working on a pill of nanoparticles that can help to identify and prevent cancer and even heart disease.
According to Andrew Conrad, head of the division of Life Sciences in the research lab of Google, the nanoparticles require a research complex and deep because they can damage a human body if not controlled properly. Before you create a prototype, Google X will have to face the challenges of testing the safety of the pills of nanoparticles. However, it is worth the wait.
3. China plans to land on the hidden face of the Moon in 2018
In 2016, China officially started a new phase of lunar exploration and set a goal to land on the hidden side of the Moon in 2018. Plan to send the lander Chang’e-4 on the other side of the Moon, which has never been explored by humans. In fact, their plans for the scans of this satellite are quite ambitious and are already planning the launch of the mission Chang’e-5.
2. Organic electronics that can be implanted in the body
The Stanford professor of Chemical Engineering Zhenan Bao and her group of colleagues created the first biopolymer-mail that can be implanted in the human body after use. In their article, they describe their creation as fast, biocompatible, ultra-thin and absolutely harmless. The scientists say that this device can be used in many fields to advance research without damaging the environment.
Ting Lei, the main author of the article, says: “The next step also includes expanding the use of these degradable polymers, such as sensors for chemical/biological and the electronic components even more complex.”
1. Transplantation of head
For more than 35 years, doctors and scientists, the brightest of our planet have attempted to cure paralysis and improve the function of the spinal cord. If it had succeeded, would have been able to perform a transplantation of head. But it is not yet possible.
The future is now! Dr. Sergio Canavero, director of the Group of Neuromodulation Advanced of Turin, is ready to perform the first transplant of a human head. He wants to cut the spinal cord, repair it and then using magnetic stimulation. His team plans to perform tests using cadavers. The estimated cost of such operation is nearly 16 million USD. However, Canavero has been working with patients in China and Russia and believes that the operation will be performed on a patient with a chinese due to higher chances of funding.
The world surprises us every day with new discoveries really amazing. What scientific advances you more surprised? What you want it to wear out more quickly? Share your opinion in the comments.
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