We know that drugs in general are addictive, but what are the most addictive in the world? It is not an easy answer, since each person responds differently to different substances.
There are different points of view to analyze what makes a substance more or less addictive: the damage they cause, their value, the degree in which activates the dopamine system of the brain, the withdrawal symptoms it produces,…
After analyzing these data, a group of experts in addiction, among whom were psychiatrists, chemical, forensic, and pharmaceutical, came to the following conclusion.
The 5 most addictive substances on the planet
1 – Heroin
Heroin ranked first as the substance most addictive on the planet. On the scale of addiction earned a 2.5 out of a maximum of 3 points.
This powerful opiate has an alarming rate of addiction. One out of every four individuals that the test ends up becoming addicted to.
What makes it particularly dangerous is that the dose that can cause death is only five times higher than the dose required to get “high”. In addition, the heroin has an extremely high risk of death by relapse.
2 – Alcohol
Despite being legal in most western countries, the experts scored this substance with a 1.9 on 3.
The alcohol cause multiple effects in the brain. In various experiments carried out with laboratory animals, they discovered that the levels of dopamine in the reward system of the brain increased between 40 and 360%.
About 22% of the people who have taken a drink, develop alcohol dependence at some time in their life. In 2012, three million people died because of the harm that alcohol caused in their bodies and there are specialists that consider it the more harmful drug in the world.
3 – Cocaine
Cocaine interferes directly in how dopamine transmits messages from one neuron to another. Cocaine prevents the neurons to turn off the signal of dopamine, resulting in abnormal activation of the reward pathways of the brain.
It is estimated that between 14 and 20 million people around the world consume cocaínay about 21% of people who try cocaine become dependent at some time in their life.
4 – Barbiturates or tranquilizers
Barbiturates are a class of drugs that are normally used to treat anxiety and induce sleep.
These drugs interfere with the chemical signaling of the brain. In low doses, barbiturates cause euphoria, but in high doses can be lethal because they prevent breathing.
The dependency of this drug is very common that many doctors prescribe with ease.
5 – Nicotine
Nicotine is the main ingredient addictive tobacco. When you smoke a cigarette, the lungs absorb the nicotine quickly and transferred to the brain. What makes the levels of dopamine in the brain’s reward system to increase between 25% and 40%.
In 2002, the who estimated that there were more than one billion smokers in the world and that tobacco will kill more than 8 million people in the year 2030.
As you can see, the most common substances and that most people consume in the world can also be the most addictive.