The search for extraterrestrial life has increased in recent years, at least in the last five, all through the Space Telescope Kepler, which investigates thousands of planets the size of Earth that are found in distant galaxies. The topic seems to be very important for NASA, who has decided to increase its search by sending new research satellites, starting with the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), which is already ready to be launched from the Kennedy Space Center.
TESS placed cameras wide angle in orbits high Earth to find small rocky planets and ice-creams, including those found in the so-called “habitable zones”. The new satellite will use the same method that the Telescope Kepler, but it will cover a space of 400 times larger than Kepler and a star 100 times brighter.
The satellite will be built in 2017, to test its components and is now located at the Kennedy Space Center and prepares for the launch from the PHSF (Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility ).
If everything goes as expected, the satellite will be launched from Cape Canaveral in mid-April of 2017 from a rocket Falcon 9 SpaceX. NASA expects to find thousands of exoplanets, where the scientists will be able to inspect more area for then to put the next telescope to work, the long-awaited James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), which will be launched the following year.
The Webb Telescope will be launched from French Guiana in 2019 and will have a massive role in the study of exoplanets, by 3jemplo, by analyzing the TRAPPIST-1, discovered in the past year. The James Webb will have very advanced hardware that allow us to study even the atmospheres of distant worlds, including temperature measurements, to investigate the chemical composition of the atmospheres as well as other signs that could come to the conclusion of the existence of some form of life as we know it.