Summer is coming and, with it, the possibility of occurrence of heat waves. These episodes of warmth intense can cause harmful effects on our health, especially in the most vulnerable sectors of the population, such as children, the elderly and the chronically ill.
Do you want to know the appropriate measures in these cases? In Great.guru will tell you how to confront a wave of heat and the consequences that this may cause.
1. Avoid leaving the house in the hours of maximum sun
Between twelve in the morning and four in the afternoon is not advisable to go out of the house, as are the hours of maximum heat. If you’re going to go to the beach or the pool in this schedule, do not abuse the sun, and stay long periods under the shadow.
2. To cover the head
The rays of the sun in our head can provoke us to problems such as heat stroke or sunstroke. Use a hat, cap or scarf to cover yourself and protect from the sun.
3. Drinking water frequently
You must not wait to feel thirsty to drink something, as that is a symptom of a small dehydration. Always have cold water and refreshing drinks that help you stay hydrated.
4. Showering several times
We shower several times a day to refresh us, and avoids the potential body odor that is produced by the excretion of sweat. The water should be warm for regulating the temperature of the body. You can also use rags dampened in water to combat the heat.
5. Avoid some foods
Avoid alcohol and caffeinated beverages because they promote dehydration. Hot food causes that raise our body temperature, so it is not recommended to lean for her if she makes a lot of heat.
Remember that the more fresh you look like a beer, not hydrates you or takes away your thirst. Makes you go to the bathroom more often and dehydrates you even more.
6. Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables
Fruits and vegetables have a high amount of dilute and, in addition, are foods refreshing. It will help your body not to become dehydrated.
7. Get dressed with the proper clothing
Clothing lightweight, loose-fitting, light-colored, makes us to suffer less heat. The natural fibers are a good choice, because they help the body to perspire and regulate our temperature.
8. Do not expose children to the sun
Children under the age of three years should not be exposed to the sun, as they are more likely to suffer heat stroke. From that age, you should protect your little ones with sunscreen, a hat or cap, shirts and special protective… especially when they are on the beach or the pool.
9. Avoid outdoor sport
It is preferable that you perform sports activities outdoors first thing in the morning or in the late afternoon, as the sun heats up much less in those moments. During a heat wave, it is also recommended to lower the intensity of the workouts.
10. Ventilate the house
Take the opportunity to open the windows of the house first thing in the morning, and as soon as you start to leave the sun, close the blinds. That way, your home will maintain a perfect temperature.
Bonus. Your pets also suffer: not to leave it locked in the car
With the heat, the inside of the car reaches very high temperatures, so that under no circumstances should you leave your pet enclosed in its interior. Dogs and cats do not have sweat glands how to us. Their way of regulating body temperature is through the mouth, breathing and gasping. It costs them much more than humans do, that this decrease, so that it is very easy to suffer heat stroke and even die.
In some countries it is a crime. So, if you see that any pet is locked away and that your life is in danger, call the police and report the case.
The pets need to always be near a source of ventilation and hydration, and it is preferable that not going out of the house during the hours of maximum heat, or what to do so only when absolutely necessary.
And you, do you remember having lived through a heat wave significant? Do you know these tips?
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